Medieval art, which encompasses the Romanesque, Gothic, and Byzantine styles, was produced in Europe from the 11th through the 15th centuries A.D. Building from its foundations in the art of the Roman Empire and incorporating Christian iconography with Celtic art and that of northern Europe, Medieval art is known for its distinctive architecture, sculpture, illuminated manuscripts, metalwork, textiles and tapestries, jewelry, and fine objects carved in ivory or decorated with colorful enamels. In conjunction with the rise of monasticism in Western Europe, Romanesque art was created in the period between the 11th century and the rise of Gothic art in the 12th century. It was the first regional style to be found throughout Europe, having been first developed in France and subsequently spreading to the Christian areas of Spain, and also England, Flanders, Germany and Italy. Gothic art originated about 1137 with the building of the Abbey Church at St. Denis and the subsequent architectural style developed in France. As with Romanesque architecture, it included sculpture as an integral part of architectural decoration. The Gothic style also became an international one, spreading throughout Europe until about 1430, after which it began to merge into the art of the Italian Renaissance.
Medieval Bronze Pendant
Phoenix Ancient Art's Exotics of the Classical World