The Hittites ruled over much of Anatolia and nearby regions between ca. 1650 and 1200 B.C. Groups speaking languages related to Hittite first entered Anatolia around 2000 B.C., but did not rise to prominence until ca. 1750 when the Hittite king captured a number of important cities and city-states, including Hattusha, modern Bogazköy, which became the Hittite capital. Carchemish in Syria was also eventually established as a royal center. Formerly an enemy, Egypt recognized the Hittites as an equal power, and the eventual defeat of an Egyptian army led to Hittite control as far south as Damascus. Peace was established between the Egyptians and Hittites ca. 1250 B.C., but sometime around 1200 B.C. Hattusha was violently destroyed, an event from which the Hittites in Anatolia never recovered. However Hittite traditions were maintained in northern Syria, such as at Carchemish, which flourished through the early centuries of the first millennium B.C. The art of the Hittites is noted particularly for the skill of their stone carvers and metalworkers. Bronze animal statuettes are prominent in the material culture of the Hittites, but they also produced representations of deities and warriors in the form of bronze statuettes.
Hittite Red Stone Seal with Double Engraved Face