The earliest art of Bactria, a land located in the north of Afghanistan and beyond into Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, was produced by a Bronze Age culture of Central Asia beginning about 2200 B.C. The art of this culture includes distinctive bronze stamp seals, stone sculpture, including miniature columns of alabaster and marble, and composite figurines. This area subsequently became the northern most satrapy (province) in the Persian Empire. After that empire fell to Alexander the Great, Bactria became part of the Seleucid empire ruled by Alexander’s successors. Powerful Hellenistic states were established in the area of Bactria for three centuries following the conquests of Alexander around 330 B.C.: the Seleucid empire until 250 B.C, followed by the Greco-Bactrian kingdom until 130 B.C, and the Indo-Greek kingdom from 180 B.C. to around 10 B.C.
Bactrian Alabaster Chalice
Bactrian Bronze Camel
Bactrian Bronze Monkey Seal
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Bactrian Bronze Mouflon
Bactrian Lapis Lazuli Bead Necklace
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Bactrian Steatite Seal
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